Short Range Planning

Short range planning activities for the MPO include maintenance of the Transportation Improvement Program (TIP), and small area or corridor studies to advance projects to the project application and programming stage. The TIP is a four-year program of highway, transit, bicycle, pedestrian, safety, and enhancement projects receiving federal, state, and local funds. The TIP must be approved by the HRMPO Policy Board and the Governor of Virginia and is required as a condition for all federal funding assistance for transportation improvements within the MPO.

HRMPO plays a role in the following:

Photo of a street with small buildings on the side and a few cars driving down it and a bike crossing.

Transportation Improvement Plan (TIP)

The HRMPO TIP is a prioritized, fiscally-constrained, list of federally funded and/or regionally significant transportation projects and improvements within the HRMPO area for the next four years. The program includes projects for all modes of surface transportation including highways and streets, public transportation and walking and bicycling. The projects that will be considered for TIP funding will come from the Long Range Transportation Plan (LRTP) projects by priority. The TIP is updated annually and includes clearly identified funding sources.

The HRMPO works with the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) to approve the Highway portion of the TIP and the Department of Rail and Public Transportation (DRPT) to approve the Transit portion of the TIP. Each TIP is adopted only once every four years and it can be amended or modified administratively to account for changes in funding or project needs.

Current Highway and Transit TIP

The TIP includes explanatory language about the its relationship to other MPO and state planning documents and combines highway and transit programming information. The TIP is intended to be more accessible to the general reader, in addition to meeting Federal requirements. Appendices A and B include Amendments and Administrative Modifications for the Highway and Transit TIPs respectively. Appendix C contains a User’s Guide.

The FY2024-2027 TIP includes the required MAP-21 and FAST Act legislation’s Performance Based Planning and Programming documentation regarding the Safety Performance measurement targets (Appendix D), Transit Asset Management targets (Appendix E), Pavement and Bridge Condition (Appendix F), and System Performance (Appendix G). We will add additional performance measurement targets to the TIP as the CTB sets them and the HRMPO Policy Board concurs, or sets its own.

The TIP includes funding for a project from the I-81 Corridor Improvement Plan. The project will widen I-81 to three travel lanes in each direction from Exit 243 to 248. The most recent FY 21-24 TIP document was amended on May 18, 2023.

The HRMPO Policy Board approved the FY 24-27 TIP on May 18, 2023, and it will go into effect at the start of the Federal Fiscal Year 2024 on October 1, 2023. On May 16th, 2024, the HRMPO Policy Board released the TIP with two draft amendments on page 12 and page 23.


Note: The Harrisonburg Department of Public Transportation uses the Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) development process of the Harrisonburg Rockingham Metropolitan Planning Organization to satisfy the public hearing requirements of 49 U.S.C. Section 5307(b). The TIP public notice of public involvement activities and time established for public review and comment on the TIP satisfies the program-of-projects requirements of the Urbanized Area Formula Program.

Photo of a blue truck driving down a freeway amongst hills covered by trees

Transportation Studies

The HRMPO Small Area Study (SAS) Program identifies regional transportation issues and develops fundable solutions to advance the goals of the MPO’s Long Range Transportation Plan (LRTP) and local Comprehensive and Economic Development Plans.